Glossary

Apprenticeship – Apprenticeship is a combination of on the job training, work experience and technical training.

Career – The sum total of your life experiences including education, paid and unpaid work, and community, volunteer and family activities.

Certified - Recognized by a professional association or professional regulatory organization as possessing the appropriate combination of credentials, training and/or experience. Sometimes used interchangeably with “registered” or “licensed”

Credentials - Documents that attest to the truth of stated facts. Examples of credentials include professional registration certificates, diplomas and degrees.

English as an Additional Language (EAL) training - English language training for individuals whose first language is not English. Training is designed to help participants learn English reading, writing, listening and speaking skills.

Immigrant Serving Agency - Immigrant Serving Agencies offer general settlement assistance including information, orientation, ESL assessments and training, interpretation or translation, and employment and referral services.

Industry – A group of establishments engaged in similar goods and/or services.

International Qualifications – Qualifications and credentials obtained in a country outside of Canada.

Job – Set of specific duties for a specific employer. Jobs may be paid or unpaid, part time or full time and of short or long duration.

Job or work search – Steps you take to find work or get a job such as networking, resume writing and interview preparation.

Journeyman – A person who has met all the requirements to be certified as a journeyman plumber. In order to be certified as a journeyman, people must complete on the job training, work experience and technical training and pass an exam. This term is used for both men and women.

Labour market – Employers offer jobs or work. Employees offer skills. Together they work for each others benefit. Along with economic conditions and other factors, they make up the labour market.

Licensed – Recognized by a professional association or professional regulatory body as possessing the appropriate combination of credentials, training and/or experience. Sometimes used interchangeably with “certified” or “registered.”

Mentor – Person who shares experience, knowledge and wisdom about a particular occupation, their occupation or about the workplace in general.

Occupation – A group of similar jobs or fields of interest that require specific training or expertise. Sometimes used interchangeably with “profession.” “Teacher” is an example of an occupation.

Profession – A group of similar jobs or fields of interest that require specific training or expertise. Sometimes used as interchangeably with “occupation.” “Teacher” is an example of an occupation.

Professional association - An organization that represents the interests of its members who practice an occupation or profession.

Professional Regulatory Organization - A professional association that has been granted authority by the provincial government to protect the public’s interest. Its member are certified to work within a regulatory framework established by government. Professional regulatory organizations have the authority to:

Registered - Recognized by a professionals association or professional regulatory body as possessing the appropriate combination of credential, training and/or experience. Sometimes used interchangeably with “certified” or “licensed.”

Regulated - Regulated occupations have legal requirements or restrictions with regards to licensing, certification or registration. They are occupations(e.g. forester, lawyer, nurse and teacher) and trades (e.g. electrician, heavy equipment technician, plumber and welder) that are controlled by law to protect the public.

Trades - Occupations in which standards have been set to promote quality work and skill excellence among tradespeople. Tradespeople are trained through apprenticeship.

Work - The task job, or activities performed to reach a goal. Work can be paid or unpaid, short term or long term.